Hazardous Waste and How to Dispose of it

Different types of waste have different methods that must be used when it comes to their disposal. It is important that we follow these guidelines and rules in order to safely dispose of it – both for the environment and the safety of other people. When it comes to hazardous waste, there are very specific and strict rules to follow in order to safely get rid of it. Here is some information on hazardous waste and how you can dispose of it securely and lawfully.

What is Hazardous Waste?

It is important to know what is classed as hazardous waste, especially in large amounts. Since 2005, changes have been made to the way in which the waste can be disposed of. The waste is considered to be dangerous, especially in large quantities. This means that it poses a threat to the environment or other people if not disposed of correctly. Some of materials that are considered to be hazardous are as follows:

  • Paint, ink, and resin
  • Oil filters and oils (excluding edible ones)
  • Fluorescent tubes
  • Contaminated packaging residue
  • Detergents containing hazardous substances
  • Batteries and discarded electrical equipment
  • Asbestos
  • Equipment containing ozone depleting substances (like fridges)
  • Hazardous waste containers
  • Pesticides
  • Solvents
  • Chemicals

The government website has a link that will allow you to check if your waste can be classified as hazardous. You can take a look here.


There are two different types of hazardous waste, domestic and commercial. Domestic hazardous waste can be disposed of via normal methods in small amounts (excluding asbestos). Larger quantities will require disposal in specially managed waste facilities for the safety of other people or the environment. Asbestos, however, requires special collection and should never be placed in either a regular bin or a waste management centre. By contacting your local authority, they can let you know how to go through with asbestos disposal.

Commercial Disposal

Commercial hazardous waste goes through a different process. You must first classify your waste to check if it is hazardous. Then, you must separate it from regular waste and ensure it is done safely. After that, make sure you find an authorised and reputable business to come and collect your hazardous waste for recycling or disposal. You should also make sure the disposal sites have all of the correct environmental permits. Print of a consignment note and fill in the relevant details. You should keep one copy and give two to the carrier who is collecting the waste. Afterwards, you need to make sure you keep your collection records for at least three years.


The records of your commercial hazardous waste collection are incredibly important and should always be kept safe and organised. They should include a copy of your consignment notes, your consignee returns (received from businesses that take care of your waste). They should also contain any related documents to the production and disposal, such as the carrier schedules and records of rejected loads.

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