General Waste Equipment
There is various equipment associated with general waste management including the storage bins we use at home and for our businesses as well as the hi-tech machines such as balers and compactors that waste services use to process our rubbish.
Waste Disposal Bins
At home we normally have one main general waste bin that is collected by the municipal waste service run by the council as well as several other bins that are designed for the sorting of plastic, glass, paper and card. Businesses can have a much larger variation of waste disposal bins than domestic properties because of the range of different waste produced. For example, in places like hospitals you may well find specialist containers that are designed for holding hazardous medical waste. These containers usually allow for the easy deposit of used equipment like syringes but are not easily opened.
Communal Waste Collection
All towns and cities nowadays have central collection points where particular recyclable waste from clothes to bottles can be deposited. These are usually large containers that are held in places like supermarket carparks and can help alleviate the overflow if you have too much waste at home. These can collect large amounts and are usually run by the local council.
Street Waste Bins
Of course, all streets nowadays have bins that are designed to take multiple waste and keep our streets clean. Sorting venues usually have a mix of technology for sorting this into recyclable waste when the rubbish is collected and put onto the conveyor belt. Events from concerts to business conventions nowadays have an obligation to provide recycling bins and other waste management equipment while they are running.
One area where people with a garden can get involved in recycling food matter is to buy a composting bin. Usually between £20 and £30 these are ideal for producing nutrient rich compost from your food left overs and vegetable peelings. Most people don’t realise that even paper can be used in a compost as well as tea bags and coffee grounds. Investing in a composting bin can greatly reduce the amount of waste you produce.
Most councils now provide food waste bins for residents which is collected on a weekly basis. These go to a central composting unit that produces fertilizer or can be used for operating something like an anaerobic digester.
The equipment that we use to process our general waste is equally important as the bins we store it in for collection. Balers collect waste such as paper and card and tie it into easily transportable bales that can be taken to recycling plants. There are two types of baler: horizontal and vertical.
Compressors take a large amount of waste such as tin cans and crush them into smaller blocks that can then be loaded onto trucks and transported to processing plants. Compactors come in a variety of models including large scale industrial ones and smaller, portable designs that can be used by individual businesses. Trucks that come to collect your general waste normally have a compressor inside that allows them to pick up more rubbish in one trip. You can also find roll packers which use a heavy drum to compact layers of material such as building waste.
The technology for handling our waste is always developing and there is new equipment becoming available every day. For instance, food waste management is being revolutionised by eco-friendly food waste compactors that extract water and leave a small amount of solid waste product behind which can be used for creating compost.
Find out more about general waste equipment on our database.